Teach a child to draw if you’re thinking of how to do you? Show it how to do it with your fingers and palms. And for children from 2 years – with foam rubber, gouache, watercolors. As you know, children love to draw. Parents need to direct their creativity in the right direction.
Draw simple drawings for toddlers
From an early age, children scratch on a piece of paper with a pencil. Parents should help their child place this device right between the thumb and forefinger and the middle one holding the pencil.
To teach your child to draw, show them how to draw lines. They will be horizontal, and vertical. Gradually, the child will begin to make these aspects more even and parallel to each other.
Get your kid interested by showing him how to draw two large vertical lines, connecting them with some small horizontal lines to create stairs.
Also, the parts will turn into a flag and grid. To further teach your favorite child to draw, show them how to draw circles. Once you have added the necessary touches, turn these shapes into a sun, balloon, and flower.
Make sure the child holds the pencil correctly but does not press too hard on it. The correct position of a young student in the class is also important. At the same time, tell your child what the colors are. Draw the sun with it, and have the child paint it yellow, the apple green, or orange.
Once the children have learned such wisdom, you can teach them to draw things that he sees on a daily basis. Let it be a house consisting of a triangular roof and a rectangular base. Show him how to draw a doll, a car, or another favorite toy.
When the children have mastered all of this, introduce them to the proportions. Explain that the doll’s head cannot be larger than her body and a car cannot be larger than a house. Drawing a pet will also be a useful educational project for toddlers.
Gain in the kids an artistic taste. When walking in nature in the spring, draw their attention to the flowering trees. Show in the fall how amazing the fruits of trees, such as mountain ash, look in the winter, allow them to admire the snow-covered trees for a walk, and draw them at home.
There are new interesting methods that allow you to teach children to draw from the age of six months. At the age of two, such children draw beautiful pictures with pencils, colors, and paints and can express their own “I” through this art.
How to teach a child to draw?
Let’s get to know them.
Finger drawing for toddlers
If you want to develop a child’s artistic talents from an early age, then prepare:
- Allergenic paints;
- Thick paper;
- Wet wipes.
- Dress your child in work clothes, and tie a waterproof apron. Put it in a highchair; place a sheet on the table next to the child.
- In the first lesson, it is better to choose paint of the same color. Buy an allergen that will not harm your baby if it gets into your mouth in small amounts.
- Tell your child that you will now teach him to draw. Have him dip his fingers in the jar, and show him how to draw with his fingers and palms on paper.
- Do not forget to praise your child. But if he becomes naughty, finish the lesson, and keep it up when the child is in a good mood.
- Wipe your hands with a wet cloth, and change into clean clothes.
Maybe he would like to draw more horizontally. Then prepare:
- part of a roll of wallpaper or what man paper;
- Finger coloring;
- Wet wipes;
- Cellophane film.
Cover the part of the floor that has no carpets or rugs with foil. Put wallpaper or What man paper on top. Arrange the paint there. Have your child do the art and you can tell what happened by completing certain strokes.
It is easy to create tools for this type of drawing yourself, for this you need to take:
- Dishwashing sponges;
- Clothes pegs or tape;
Cut the sponges into thick strips lengthwise and secure the ends with each clamp or tape. By dipping such a device in painting, the child will “print” on a piece of paper.
You can invite your child to draw with cotton swabs, but such small items are given to children over the age of three and are closely monitored during the creative process.
Here you can use artificial foam brushes or make them yourself. The stencil is also easy to make yourself.
This will require:
- Sheets of cardboard;
- Scissors with sharp ends;
- Stationery knives;
Draw yourself or translate your favorite pictures online. They should be of interest to children. Start by cutting each one with an office knife, continuing with scissors.
Have the child place a stencil on a piece of paper. Dip a foam bag or a wide brush into the paint and place it on the inside of the stencil. You cannot use one, but several shades, which make a magnificent rhino or a bright Christmas tree.
Another type of painting is similar to this one, but in this case, you need the inner part of the stencil. The child will attach the clipboard to a piece of paper and describe the outer part of it.
This is a fish, for example. Then the background is drawn in blue or light blue, it will remain white. If you give your child colored paper, for example, blue, the fish will be that color.
Check out two more types of drawings. The first will require:
- Sheets of cardboard;
- Brush or foam bag.
Show your child how to glue a ribbon on cardboard. You can do it evenly or chaotically. Have it painted over the background with one or more colors and wait for the paint to dry. Then help him remove the tape, rejoicing in the result.
In this technique, you can draw a railway and a road, a trail in the woods.
Decorate flat pictures of salt dough with the baby; let them dry for one day. Now let him color them. You can paste these sculptures on cardboard to create a 3D image.
How to teach a child to paint with watercolors?
The ability to draw with watercolors will certainly benefit a young artist.
Parents will buy paint, brushes, and paper for the child. There are some nuances here.
Necessary for watercolor formation
Watercolor paint is sold in cuvettes and tubes, and sometimes dry. The paint in the hoses fits well on the canvas, it is easy to mix, but the kids cannot calculate the required amount and the consumption will be high. Buy small children paint in a tray, but to prevent the stains from mixing, show them how to wash the brush after they have finished the paint with one color and start on another.
Children are usually advised to use a few colors when painting with watercolors. To teach them how to get different shades, show them how to mix paints.
To teach children how to paint with watercolors, buy soft brushes in different sizes:
- With thin, pointed brushes, they are useful for describing small details.
- The center does the main work.
- Large brushes are used to paint the background and other large areas.
You have probably noticed that when using landscape magazines, the drawing can be distorted, especially if the young artist uses too much water. If you want to avoid this, get a paper designed for watercolors, which is denser than usual and absorbs water better. You can buy white or colored, in the latter case you do not need to paint the background because to recreate the depth of the sea you can take blue and for a photo of the desert – yellow.
Watercolor imaging technology
The watercolor paper must be moistened with water, then stretched, and fastened with buttons on the table base.
If the paint is in tubes or dry, it must be mixed with a little water using a device called a palette for this. But it must be diluted with the expectation that after the paint dries, it will be lighter.
Tell your child what colors are available by stirring different paints. So, because of the commonality of yellow and blue, green comes out and blue and red purple.
Introduce your child to some watercolor techniques.
Tell us what happens:
- Stretch, when the artist goes from bright saturated color to light;
- washing, in which a painter uses paint of the same color on paper to obtain a background, for example, the surface of the sea, grass, sky, forest;
- “Wet” painting technique, at the same time, first the canvas is moistened with water, then painted here with watercolors;
- Watercolor technology “on dry” – the next layer is applied only after the previous one dries.
When teaching your child to paint with watercolors, tell them to erase the wrong strokes there, if it dries it will be harder to do so. In the first case, you need to squeeze the brush well and wipe the wrong blow with it several times. Second, it is necessary to remove the stain with a slightly damp brush and do so carefully so as not to tear the paper in this place.
How to teach a child to paint with gouache?
In order for parents to teach children how to use this paint, they themselves must know the basics of such creativity. It is more convenient to buy gouache for children, which is also called a poster. It’s also art, but it’s more expensive.
If you are thinking of teaching a child to paint with watercolor or gouache, what is the difference between these paints? The fact that the watercolor layer is applied to the paper in a thinner layer, so some of them are applied in the same area. Gouache is denser, only the top stroke will be visible, so it is mostly painted in one layer.
If the child is daring and patient, then you can teach him to paint with watercolor. For those motivators, gouache is better.
This painting offers great opportunities, and opens up the scope for creativity, as it can be painted on almost any surface:
- On glass;
- On the paper;
- On cardboard;
- On the subject;
- On plywood.
To prepare gouache for use on canvas, part of the paint is placed on a palette, but if it is not available, you can use an unnecessary saucer, plastic lid, or another almost flat container. Here you can mix gouache with other colors of paint or dilute it with a little water. Stir so that there are no crumbs.
By the way, if the child forgot to close the jar and the paint has dried, pour water into this container so that it covers the gouache, and leave it for one day. Have your child paint on the prepared surface. At the end of the session, change into clean clothes and wash the employee. Usually, gouache is washed well, for these dirty places are soaped, and washed in cold water. If the spots are deep-rooted, then a special product designed to fight such spots is called Dr. Beckmann spot depth. It will also come in handy if the child has not only colored himself but also upholstered furniture, and textiles.
Do not leave children alone during such a creative process; otherwise, they can paint the wall, not just sheets of paper. But some parents view this positively, leaving behind the fruits of such creation as memories, taking a video, posting it on the Internet, and receiving more than a thousand views.
But it is better to teach the child to draw with more traditional methods, which he will certainly also like.